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Scholars Publish Top Chinese University Undergraduate Enrollment Quality Ranking

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In the latest issue of Tsinghua Journal of Education, Professor BIE Dunrong of Institute of Education, Xiamen University and his Ph.D. student published a research report "The Statistical Analysis on the Quality of Undergraduate Enrollment of '985 Project' Universities During 2005-2010".

Professor BIE collected the enrollment data of 39 "985 Project" universities in the country's 31 provinces during 2005-2010 and used the statistics of student entrance examination and enrollment scores to analyze the freshmen's quality.

According to the report, Tsinghua University, Peking University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University rank top three in the overall freshmen's quality among 39 "985 Project" universities in China.

The report finds that high-quality students favor top Chinese universities located in economically developed areas. As a result, although the enrollment quality is somewhat related to the overall strength of the university, the ranking of the university overall strength is not positively correlated to the enrollment quality.

985 Project is a project first announced by CPC Secretary General and Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the 100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998 to promote the development and reputation of the Chinese higher education system (and codenamed after the date of the announcement, 98/5, according to the Chinese date format). The project involves both the national and local governments allocating large amounts of funding to certain universities, in order to build new research centers, improve facilities, hold international conferences, attract world-renowned faculty and visiting scholars, and help Chinese faculty attend conferences abroad.

When first announced in 1998, the project funding was made available to an elite group of 9 universities. These 9 universities made up the C9 League in 2009, which is referred to as the Chinese equivalent of the US Ivy League. By the end of the first phase of the project, 35 universities were sponsored. In the second phase of the project, four more universities (China Agricultural University, East China Normal University, National University of Defense Technology and Northwest A&F University) were added to the project, bringing the total number to 39. It was announced in 2011 that the project will not admit other universities.